Principles of Organic Agriculture

Organic farming is the method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to use pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones. In other words, it is referred to as, low input farming and uses natural sources of nutrients such as compost, crop residues and manure, and natural methods of crop and weed control, instead of using synthetic or inorganic agrochemicals.
 
OBJECTIVES OF ADOPTING ORGANIC FARMING
 
Organic farming may be adopted to achieve the following benefits
  1. To increase genetic diversity
  2. To promote more usage of natural pesticides
  3. Ensure the right soil cultivation at the right time
  4. Keep and build good soil structure and fertility
  5. Control pests, diseases and weeds
TYPES OF ORGANIC FARMING
 
1. Pure organic farming
2. Integrated organic farming
3. Crop Rotation 
4. Green Manure
5. Biological Pest Control 
6. Compost
 
METHODS OF ORGANIC FARMING
 
1. Soil management
2. Weed management
3. Mulching
4. Mowing or Cutting
5. Crop diversity
6. Monoculture 
7. Controlling other organisms
8. Raising Livestock Farming
9. Genetic modification
 
There are both useful and harmful organisms in the agricultural farm which affect the field. So, we need to control the growth of such organisms to protect the soil and the crops. We can do this by the use of herbicides and pesticides that contain fewer chemicals or are natural.
 
IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC FARMING

1. Principle of health

2. The principle of ecological balance

3. Principle of fairness

4. Principle of care

We should practice organic agriculture in a careful and responsible manner to benefit the present and future generations and the environment with food supply.

  • Pure organic farming
  • Integrated organic farming
  • Crop Rotation
  • Food illness
  • Green Manure
  • Biological Pest Control
  • Compost
  • Soil management
  • Weed management
  • Public Health
  • Mulching
  • Mowing or Cutting
  • Crop diversity
  • Genetic modification

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